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Multivalency Pattern Recognition to Sort Colloidal Assemblies

Read the full article here: Small, 17, 2005668 (2021)

by: S. Loescher and A. Walther

Multivalent interaction is an important principle for self‐assembly and has been widely used to assemble colloids. However, surface binding partners are statistically distributed, which falls short of the interaction possibilities arising from geometrically controlled multivalency patterns as seen in viruses. Herein, the precision provided by 3D DNA origami is exploited to introduce multivalency pattern recognition via designing geometrically precise interaction patterns at patches of patchy nanocylinders. This gives rise to self‐sorting of colloidal assemblies despite having the same type and number of supramolecular binding motifs—solely based on the pattern located on a 20 × 20 nm2 cross‐section. The degree of sorting can be modulated by the geometric overlap of patterns and homo; mixed and alternating supracolloidal polymerizations are demonstrated. Multivalency patterns are able to provide an additional information layer to organize soft matter, important towards engineering of biological responses and functional materials design.


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