Get the full paper here: Adv. Mater. 27, 2989 (2015).
A sacrificial templating process using lithographically printed minimal surface structures allows complex de novo geometries of delicate hydrogel materials. The hydrogel scaffolds based on cellulose and chitin nanofibrils show differences in terms of attachment of human mesenchymal stem cells, and allow their differentiation into osteogenic outcomes. The approach here serves as a first example toward designer hydrogel scaffolds viable for biomimetic tissue engineering.